The Scalloped
Fretboard Guitar

Sympathetic Serenade for Scalloped Fretboard Guitar CD Cover

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Photo of Matthew Montfort's Scalloped Fretboard Guitar  
Matthew Montfort's first scalloped fretboard guitar. Photo by Teja Gerken for Acoustic Guitar  
The scalloped fretboard guitar is an instrument combining qualities of the South Indian vina and the steel string guitar. The fretboard is carved out in between the frets in order to reduce friction between the pads of the guitarist's fingers and the fretboard. With a scalloped fretboard guitar, the pads of the guitarist's fingers touch only the strings, and not the fretboard. This facilitates note-bending techniques.

Scalloped fretboards are not new to string instruments. Many lutes have scalloped fretboards, some of purely ornamental nature. However, scalloping a fretboard on a guitar in order to facilitate note bending is arelatively new phenomenon. There are three main schools of the instrument.

The first school is made up of players who have had their fretboards scalloped in order to play Indian music. This school uses the South Indian vina method of bending notes: the strings are pulled across the frets in order to raise the pitch. Jazz guitarist John McLaughlin did some great work on the scalloped fretboard guitar (built by Abe Wechter) for a brief but very rich period of his career while he was playing with the group Shakti, which included South Indian violinist L. Shankar, North Indian tabla master Zakir Hussain, and South Indian percussion master T.H. (Vikku) Vinayakram. Matthew Montfort, guitarist and leader of the world fusion music group Ancient Future, has devoted himself to the scalloped fretboard guitar since 1978. Montfort spent months in intensive study with vina master K.S. Subramanian in order to fully apply the South Indian gamaka (note-bending) techniques to the guitar. Montfort's transcription of South Indian vina music is available for those who wish to study these note-bending techniques, as is a transcription of his composition in Rag Alhaiya Bilawal for those who wish to apply aspects of North Indian music to guitar.

The second school has its origins in Vietnam. The fretboard of a guitar is very heavily scalloped, and the strings are kept quite loose. Often only five of the strings are used. They are pushed in between the frets towards the fretboard in order to raise the pitch. This facilitates using a guitar to play Vietnamese music,

The third school is made up of players who feel that a scalloped fretboard provides a sweeter sound and reduced friction which allows for greater speed and better vibrato. Yngwie Malmsteen is an example of a player from this school. Fender has even released a special scalloped fretboard version of the Stratocaster in his honor.

Additional Resources

Scalloped Fretboard Guitar Sound Files

Soul Serenade (Montfort) 6:28 >YTmusic. iTunes. Matthew Montfort (scalloped fretboard guitar). This improvisation in E minor is from Seven Serenades for Scalloped Fretboard Guitar by Matthew Montfort, his first solo release and the only known full length CD showcasing solo scalloped fretboard guitar music.

Article About Scalloped Fretboard Guitar

Acoustic Guitar
1974 Gibson
by Teja Gerken

Download Guitar Player Magazine Story on Matthew Montfort
Acoustic Guitar Oct 10 Feature (1 MB pdf)

Recommended Records Featuring Scalloped Fretboard Guitar

Yearning for the Wind CD CoverSympathetic Serenade CD CoverSeven Serenades CD Cover

Videos Featuring Scalloped Fretboard Guitar

Includes music from The Archive of Future Ancient Recordings, Yearning for the Wind, Asian Fusion, and World Without Walls by Ancient Future; and Sympathetic Serenade and Seven Serenades for Scalloped Fretboard Guitar by Matthew Montfort.